Why Trafficking Of Tribal Women
- Tribal women of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand are working women almost without any exception and work harder than men. However, they are overworked, they rise in the morning and go to the forest to collect fuel, fetch water, help in agricultural activities, cook for the family, look after the children, do the washing etc. The status of the Tribal women is characterized by over-work, invasion of sexually, physically exploitative by market forces, illiteracy, sub-human physical living conditions, high fertility, high malnutrition, denial of basic women human rights and near absence of modern health care facilities for them. This picture clearly attributes that Tribal women live in inhuman status of life. They are lower paid than men. Magnitude of un-employment is severe in the tribal areas, they are jobless also adversely affected by deforestation and development projects. Non-Tribal men are marrying Tribal women to get land/jobs. They are physically, sexually exploited by non-Tribal men and even killed after migration to National Capital Territory of Delhi. For the last more than 20 years they are migrating to various cities and town in search of any gainful employment and are being victim of basic human rights, raped and even killed in one pretext or other
- Despite of the constitutional safeguards and different socio economic, employment oriented programmes implemented for the Tribal peoples, it is due to rampant poverty in the areas, severe unemployment problems in the region and ignorance of the importance of Tribal women and completely absence of unity, unfortunately tribal girls/ women from the States of Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand have started migrating in search of any gainful employment and now in the metro city like New Delhi/ Delhi and even other metros in India , they are being exploited, physically and sexually, denied social justice, falsely implicated in many problems. They are being lured in the name of providing gainful employment and are being exploited in new place. Most serious crisis facing the Tribal women is that of unemployment, harassment, and denial of social justice particularly they are the worst sufferers due to gender bias.
- Migration of single tribal girls/women from poor tribal families is facilitated. There are large numbers organizations (placement centers) at National Capital Territory of Delhi [NCT of Delhi] even individuals were found operating under the pretext of social service but facilitating trafficking/ migration of tribal women/girls from tribal areas. It has become a very lucrative and comfortable vocation for these placement agencies. These individuals/agencies have their network in the metropolitan cities and other urban settings. While families in cities are having increasing demand for domestic aids and Tribal girls are attracted to offers made by operating agencies assuring them of good placements. At the local level, such organizations have agents alluring young Tribal girls to prepare them agree for menial and unskilled jobs in cities. One estimates says 44 % of the migrants came through the women who are already in this job and more than 30 % through some kinds of agents, 90 percent Tribal migrated women are Christian, 30 percent of them sexually exploited before any jobs, 94 percent of them work as maid servant, 3 percent as some kind of dignified jobs, 2 percent in petty business and only 1 percent are working as factory workers. They migrate due to the grim situation in the Tribal area. Their income is low and their asset base is small, resulting there by poor health, poverty, and hence unavailability of fundamental services, basic developmental infrastructure and economic opportunities. Due to acute unemployment, poverty, exploitation, less opportunities and allurement, Tribal women migrate to different places in India.
- The presence of this socially un-common migration is surprisingly confined mainly to one geographical pocket representing contiguous areas of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. [These tribal women are also migrating from the states of Orissa, West Bengal and Assam] From the states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand alone, about 250 thousand Tribal women/girls have migrated to different urban centers, according to an estimate made by NGOs operating in these areas and urban locations of migration. Further, it is estimated that about 1,00,000 Tribal women have migrated/trafficked and are working as maid servant and looking for maid servant jobs in NCR of Delhi. The problems of migrant Tribal women have increased many folds during the last 5-6 years. Nobody takes care of their interest. They are not living life with dignity. Nobody is serious for their welfare protection and social and economic development. The migration problem is growing day by day and it is very difficult to stop, however, it required to be regulated/manage properly. In the NCT of Delhi , tribal women/ girls are found wandering when they are removed from the maidservant job and when they are physically beaten/tortured, financially deprived or sexually exploited by the landlord or by the employers, they come back to placement agency or under the clutches of unscrupulous agents and again their exploitation start. Those who are working as maid servant are not living a dignified life and are sharply loosing their identity and culture. Situation in the tribal villages are also a place for their exploitation. Due to inadequate communication, ignorant, politically incapacity, remote and inaccessible villages and various other reasons they are unaware about their rights and do not possesses any skills and due to lack of technical knowledge suffer and deprived in all aspects of their day to day life. These problems need to be attended immediately by extending technical knowledge and enhancing their skills and by providing job oriented training.