Threat To Tribal
All the socio-economic indicators are against them. Political direction is imposed on them without knowing the impact on them, due to above prevailing situation number of problems have arises in the area. Tribal people do not have economic or employment opportunities, basic facilities like proper education, poor health delivery, lack of connectivity, clean drinking water; do not have sanitation facilities and living life un-hygienically. Tribal women are forest dwellers and away from the mainstream society hence ignored completely. Economically they are poor and living below the poverty line. Majority of the tribal women are trapped in the vicious cycle of poverty and women are worst sufferer due to discrimination and to gender bias.
They are deprived in all front of their life, sexually and physically exploited by the market force. Though there are different plans and programmes said to be implemented for tribal women empowerment despite of the fact, they are unemployed, deprived and becoming poorer. Due to grim situation in the tribal far flung, remote and inaccessible tribal villages and poorly managed tribal areas tribal women are migrating/trafficking to different place in large number to find out a suitable job and are being exploited physically and sexually, denied social justice, deprived in front of their life, suffer rape, violence and even killed in one pretext or other. We are in firm believed that migration of tribal girls/women cannot be stopped, however, it required to be managed properly.
Tribal empowerment in India is heavily dependent on many different variables that include geographical location (urban/rural), educational status, social status (caste and class), and age. Policies on women’s empowerment exist at the national, state, and local (Panchayat) levels in many sectors, including health, education, economic opportunities, gender-based violence, and political participation. However, there are significant gaps between policy advancements and actual practice at the community level. One key factor for the gap in implementation of laws and policies1 to address discrimination, economic disadvantages, and violence against women at the community level is the largely patriarchal structure that governs the community and households in much of India. As such, tribal women and girls have restricted mobility, access to education, access to health facilities, and lower decision-making power, and experience higher rates of violence. Political participation is also hindered at the Panchayat (local governing bodies) level and at the state and national levels, despite existing reservations for them. The impact of the patriarchal structure can be seen in rural and urban India, although tribal women’s empowerment in rural India is much less visible than in urban areas. This is of particular concern, since much of India is rural despite the high rate of urbanization and expansion of cities. Rural women, as opposed to women in urban settings, face inequality at much higher rates, and in all spheres of life. Urban women and, in particular, urban educated women enjoy relatively higher access to economic opportunities, health and education, and experience less domestic violence. Women who have some level of education have higher decision-making power in the household and the community. Furthermore, the level of women’s education also has a direct implication on maternal mortality rates, and nutrition and health indicators among children.